How to Calculate Cryptocurrency Taxes

Cryptocurrency users are required to specify the dollar equivalent of every transaction. This is based on various scenarios, such as mining profits, rewards for goods sold or services rendered, and airdrops. In these cases, taxes are applied in a different manner.

Cryptocurrency users are required to specify the dollar equivalent of every transaction. This is based on various scenarios, such as mining profits, rewards for goods sold or services rendered, and airdrops. In these cases, taxes are applied in a different manner. These taxes can range from 10 to 37%, depending on the earnings made. This article covers the main aspects involved in calculating taxes on cryptocurrencies. We also discuss the different types of taxes and the differences between them.

Capital gain

If you've purchased Bitcoin, you may wonder how to calculate cryptocurrency taxes. The amount you pay in taxes will depend on the time of year and the price of your coin. For example, if you sold Bitcoin for $1000 in January, you would have a $40,000 capital gain if you sold it in June. This tax is offset by losses you had when you first bought the cryptocurrency. However, if you sold your Bitcoin for more than $1000 in one month, you'll owe crypto taxes.

For the most accurate calculation of your cryptocurrency taxes, you should consider how long you have held your crypto. The IRS considers the date you purchased it as the first day of your holding period. It also makes a distinction between short-term and long-term holdings. You can offset your loss with future gains if you've been holding the cryptocurrency for more than a year. The federal government will always take its share, but you can lower your total tax burden by living in the right place.

To calculate cryptocurrency taxes, you should know the price of your cryptocurrency and its cost of acquisition. Using a cryptocurrency tax calculator will give you an accurate calculation of your income tax liability, plus any surcharges or cess. The purchase price should be transaction-wise, so don't forget to factor in other expenses. In addition to the price, you should also know the cost basis of your cryptocurrency. In most cases, you cannot deduct your purchase cost if you're selling a cryptocurrency for a profit.

There are several software solutions available to calculate cryptocurrency taxes. One of the best solutions is ZenLedger, which provides excellent customer support and can help you with all kinds of reports and math. The software also has a professional tax suite, which can handle both crypto and non-crypto taxes. It also allows you to customize each transaction using the Grand Unified Accounting spreadsheet. With the help of this cryptocurrency tax calculator, you can avoid a big financial mistake.

Cost basis

To figure out your tax liability, you'll need to know how much cryptocurrency you purchased and sold. While you can deduct the costs of the actual sale, you must account for the transaction costs. For instance, if you bought Ethereum on Binance and later sold it for $20,000, you'll have to pay the transaction costs as well as any fees. Fortunately, there's an easy way to calculate the total cost of the purchase, which will be the cost basis.

The cost basis method is an alternative method for calculating cryptocurrency taxes. This method requires recipients to include the fair market value of the cryptocurrency in their gross income, measured in U.S. dollars on the date the transaction occurred. Cryptocurrency issuers may offset the fair market value with the cost of providing the service. As you can see, cryptocurrency tax calculation is tricky, but it's not impossible. There are many factors to take into account, so the right method will depend on your circumstances.

If you have a profit from selling crypto, you should consider capital gains and losses. Capital gains are the difference between the cost of purchasing the cryptocurrency and the price at which you sold it. You can determine the cost basis of each asset by subtracting the cost basis from the sale price. Short-term capital gains are taxed more heavily than long-term ones, so keeping a record of your transactions will make this process easier.

While capital gains and losses are complex, they can be calculated with the help of software such as TokenTax. You can also use a website such as TokenTax to reconcile your crypto transaction data. However, you should always note that the cost basis of each crypto asset is a taxable event. This is the amount of money that you acquired the asset for and then sold it for its actual value. This means that Martin's capital gain or loss depends on the real market value of the two ETH.


Using the FIFO method to calculate cryptocurrency taxes is the correct approach in certain circumstances. For example, if you own an ICO and receive cryptocurrency as payment, the income must be recognized immediately upon receipt. However, if the ICO proceeds are distributed via airdrops or rewards, you can defer taxation of a portion of those funds to the following taxable year. In that case, you would need to calculate your taxable income on the fair market value of the tokens at the time of receipt.

Although the IRS guidance does not specifically address whether the FIFO method applies to different wallets or accounts, it suggests that either method is acceptable. Taxpayers may elect to use the Specific Identification method, which allows them to select the cryptocurrency unit that has the highest cost basis in a transaction, to optimize their tax calculations. However, it's important to note that the IRS imposes additional requirements for using Specific Identification.

While it's possible to complete this task manually, it's recommended that you use a cryptocurrency tax software solution. A cryptocurrency tax solution like Coinpanda makes the process easy and convenient. Its software supports both cost basis and FIFO accounting and allows you to track and compare your crypto investments with the results of your tax return. A cryptocurrency tax solution like this is an excellent option for investors and traders.

Another option is to use the single-depot method. This method treats all your trading activity as one giant virtual depot, thereby calculating your short-term gain or loss on each trade. The single-depot method has many advantages and disadvantages. It depends on the rate, volume and price of the transaction. The most common cryptocurrency tax software can be downloaded here. It may take a few hours of work, but it's definitely worth a shot.


In crypto trading, LIFO, or Last In, First Out, is a method of determining cost basis. When you buy 1 BTC for $1k, you are determining the cost basis of that purchase. Using LIFO, however, is best for transactions where the cost basis is the highest. The reason is that HIFO can result in a lower tax amount. In the case of cryptocurrency, the LIFO method is best for those who make multiple purchases or who cash out positions subject to a lower tax rate.

If your cost basis is higher than the cost price of a single unit of crypto, then the corresponding gain is lower. Using this method can reduce your tax bill by a great deal. LIFO methods also allow you to identify batches of cryptocurrency, which is a major tax saving for cryptocurrency traders. The IRS has guidelines for this method and requires thorough records. If you are wondering how to calculate cryptocurrency taxes using LIFO, read on.

Another cryptocurrency tax method to consider is First In, First Out. This method assumes the lowest cost basis coin is sold first. This method may be attractive in the short term but will lead to a large tax bill in the future. On the other hand, LIFO is the opposite of FIFO, which generates a higher taxable gain in the short term but less in the long term. The Recap cryptocurrency tax calculator offers four different methods to choose from, including First In, Last Out.

For investors who wish to make the most out of their crypto investments, the first step is to calculate capital gains. In order to do so, you need to know when you purchased the cryptocurrency, what its fair market value is, and how much you paid for it. You can also determine the amount of tax you owe based on the price paid for it. Using LIFO will save you time and effort when preparing tax returns.


HIFO, or the highest-in-first-out method, is a method of cryptocurrency taxation that always results in the lowest possible capital gains tax. As long as the method is allowed by your country's tax code, HIFO is the way to go. However, some countries have not yet released their own guidance regarding cryptocurrency tax calculation methods. Nonetheless, there are a few things you should know before choosing HIFO.

In this scenario, Isabella purchased 1 bitcoin on February 5, 2018, for $3,000, and another bitcoin at $5,000 on March 5, 2018. In 2020, she moves the second bitcoin into a hardware wallet and sells the first for $10,000 on the same exchange. With HIFO, Isabella can assign the cost basis of $5,000 as her tax basis and only incur $2,000 in capital gains. The result? A reduction of nearly $2,000 in capital gains, and a reduction of nearly 80% of Isabella's tax bill!

HIFO is a good way to protect your capital gains from the short-term capital gains rate but is not the best choice for most investors. It is important to consider the duration of your holding period. This is because HIFO is most useful when calculating capital gains for a one-year period. In addition, it is useful for maximizing tax-loss harvesting and protecting against short-term capital gains rates. Furthermore, your capital losses are deductible against other capital gains.

HIFO also has some disadvantages. This method has the tendency to ignore holding periods and tax the highest-cost-base coins first. Thus, you may end up with a lower short-term gain but higher general taxes. You may also be subject to more capital gains if you use this method. That's why HIFO is not recommended for all investors. But, it may still work for you if you want to maximize your profits!

  • Michael: A crypto investor and a passionate blogger.